This course focuses on the concepts of decentralisation, competency devolution, and tier specific roles. The focus will be on what implications there are in decentralisation for resources, the training of local human power and the possibility of conflict and duplication across different tiers of the governments. The specific relationships between central and local governments and the communities at the grassroots will be an area of special interest. The relationships of the local institutions and mid-level tiers of governments will be treated in detail. The implications of decentralisation for instructional leadership, human resources management and development, as well as financial management and its effects on the delivery of educational systems will also be treated in detail.